This edited volume is a comprehensive presentation of views on the relations between metaphysics and logic from Aristotle through twentieth century philosophers who contributed to the return of metaphysics in the analytic tradition. The collection combines interest in logic and its history with interest in analytical metaphysics and the history of metaphysical thought. By so doing, it adds both to the historical understanding of metaphysical problems and to contemporary research in the field. Throughout the volume, essays focus on metaphysica generalis, or the systematic study of the most general categories of being. Beginning with Aristotle and his Categories , the volume goes on to trace metaphyscis and logic through the late ancient and Arabic traditions, examining the views of Thomas Aquinas, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham. Moving into the early modern period, contributors engage with Leibnizs metaphysics, Kants critique of metaphysics, the relation between logic and ontology in Hegel, and Bolzanos views. Subsequent chapters address: Charles S. Peirces logic and metaphysics; the relevance of set-theory to metaphysics; Meinongs theory of objects; Husserls formal ontology; early analytic philosophy; C.I. Lewis and his relation to Russell; and the relations between Frege, Carnap, and Heidegger. Surveying metaphysics through to the contemporary age, essays explore W.V. Quines attitude towards metaphysics; Wilfrid Sellarss relation to antidescriptivism as it connects to Kripkes; the views of Putnam and Kaplan; Peter F. Strawsons and David M. Armstrongs metaphysics; Trope theory; and its relation to Poppers conception of three worlds. The volume ends with a chapter on transcendental philosophy as ontology. In each chapter, contributors approach their topics not merely in an historical and exegetical fashion, but also engage critically with the thought of the philosophers whose work they discuss, offering synthesis and original philosophical thought in the volume, in addition to very extensive and well-informed analysis and interpretation of important philosophical texts. The volume will serve as an essential reference for scholars of metaphysics and logic.
- Publication Date:
- 19 / 06 / 2012