Over the last decade, audiences worldwide have become familiar with highly acclaimed films from the 'Romanian New Wave such as 4 Months', '3 Weeks and 2 Days' (2007), 'The Death of Mr. Lazarescu' (2005), and '12:08 East of Bucharest' (2006). However, thehundred or so years of Romanian cinema leading to these accomplishments have been largely overlooked. This book is the first to provide in-depth analyses of essential works ranging from the silent period to contemporary productions. In addition to relevant information on historical and cultural factors influencing contemporary Romanian cinema, this volume covers the careers of daring filmmakers who approached various genres despite fifty years of Communist censorship. An important chapter is dedicated toLucian Pintilie, whose seminal work, 'Reconstruction' (1969), strongly inspired Romania's 21st-century innovative output.