Hundreds of German-speaking film professionals took refuge in Hollywood during the 1930s and 1940s, making a lasting contribution to American cinema. Hailing from Austria, Hungary, Poland, Russia, and the Ukraine, as well as Germany, and including Ernst Lubitsch, Fred Zinnemann, Billy Wilder, and Fritz Lang, these multicultural, multilingual writers and directors betrayed distinct cultural sensibilities in their art. Gerd Gemnden focuses on Edgar G. Ulmers The Black Cat (1934), William Dieterles The Life of Emile Zola (1937), Ernst Lubitschs To Be or Not to Be (1942), Bertold Brecht and Fritz Langs Hangmen Also Die (1943), Fred Zinnemans Act of Violence (1948), and Peter Lorres Der Verlorene (1951), engaging with issues of realism, auteurism, and genre while tracing the relationship between film and history, Hollywood politics and censorship, and exile and (re)migration.
- Publication Date:
- 28 / 01 / 2014