During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, France became famous -- notorious even -- across Europe for its ambitious attempts to codify and theorise a system of universally valid dramatic rules. So fundamental and formative was this classical conception of drama that it still underpins our modern conception of theatre today. Yet rather than rehearsing familiar arguments about plays, Inventing the Spectator reads early modern Frances dramatictheory against the grain, tracing instead the profile and characteristics of the spectator that these arguments imply: the living, breathing individual in whose mind, senses, and experience the theatre comes to life. In so doing, Joseph Harris raises numerous questions -- of imagination and illusion, reason andemotion, vision and aurality, to name but a few -- that strike at the very heart of human psychology, cognition, and experience. Bridging the gap between literary and theatre studies, history of psychology, and intellectual history, Inventing the Spectator thus reconstructs the theatre spectators experience as it was understood and theorised within French dramatic theory between the Renaissance and the Revolution. It explores early modern spectatorship through three main themes(illusion and the senses; pleasure and narrative; interest and identification) and five key dramatic theoreticians (dAubignac, Corneille, Dubos, Rousseau, and Diderot). As it demonstrates, the periods dramatic rules are at heart rules of psychology, cognition, and affect that emerged out of a complex dialoguewith human subjectivity in all its richness.