John Calvin as Sixteenth-Century Prophet examines Calvins sense of vocation. Jon Balserak argues that Calvin believed himself to be a prophet placed over nations and kingdoms to tear down and destroy, to build and to plant (Jer 1: 10). With this authority, Calvin pursued an expansionist agenda which blended the religious, political, and social towards making France, upon which he turned his attentions especially after 1555, Protestant. Beginning with ananalysis of the two trajectories of thought existing within Christian discourse on prophecy from the patristic to the Early Modern era, this study goes on to locate Calvin within a non-mystical, non-apocalyptic prophetic tradition that focused on scriptural interpretation. Balserak demonstrates how Calvindeveloped a plan to win France for the gospel; a plan which included the possibility of armed conflict. To pursue his designs, Calvin trained prophets who were sent into France to labor intensely to undermine the kings authority on the grounds that he supported idolatry, convince the French Reformed congregations that they were already in a war with him, and prepare them for a possible military uprising. An additional part of this plan saw Calvin search for a French noble willing to supportthe evangelical religion, even if it meant initiating a coup. Calvin began ruminating over these ideas in the 1550s or possibly earlier. In this analysis, the war which commenced in 1562 represents the culmination of Calvins years of preparation.