This volume critically examines the State of Israel forty years after its establishment. Topics include the integration of Middle Eastern Jews in Israeli society, the Arab minority in Israel, the dilemma of Haredi Jewry, Israeli democracy in transition, and the changing legitimations of the State of Israel. Other essays in the volume include debates on the significance of mixed marriages in North America, and the distinctive character of American Zionism. This series is published yearly by the Institute of Contemporary Jewry at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. It is edited by Jonathan Frankel, Peter Y. Medding, and Ezra Mendelsohn, all distinguished professors of contemporary Jewish history at the University. The volumes include symposia, articles, book reviews, and lists of recent dissertations by major scholars of Jewish history from around the world.