"This book analyzes the politics of pension reform during the postcommunist transition in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The book is concerned with how domestic political institutions and actors interact with external influences to shape the outcome of pension reform. It argues that despite similar pension crises and external pressures, CEE countries have pursued distinct types of reform, mainly due to different patterns of party politics. Methodologically, it combines a four case comparison of Hungary, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia with roll call analyses and expert surveys of party spatial positions. Although this book might be of primary importance to the scholars and policy-makers interested in welfare reform, it speaks also to a broader audience concerned with the politics of unpopular policies, as well as those with an interest in political parties and party systems in new democracies"--Provided by publisher.