A concise introduction to European history between 1914 and 1945, this series of succinct interpretations written by leading scholars offers a new introduction to the period. Covering historical developments in all areas within Europe's natural borders - from the Atlantic to the Arctic Ocean, from the Bosporus to the Urals and the Mediterranean, the book moves beyond the view that the history of this period can only be understood in terms of catastrophe. Instead itargues for a more balanced perspective, suggesting that both 'darker' and 'lighter' elements in Europe's history were capable of evolving simultaneously. Without neglecting the more familiar stories of war, genocide, and economic depression, each chapter demonstrates that political stability andregime collapse, social progress and mass poverty, the crisis of European civilization and remarkable cultural achievements, existed alongside each other. Emphasising the histories of the smaller states, and the multi-faceted nature of the period, Twisted Paths illuminates the diversity of Europe's experiences in the first half of the twentieth century.