Joseph Heller (May 1, 1923 - December 12, 1999) was an American satirical novelist, short story writer and playwright. He wrote the influential novel Catch-22 about American servicemen during World War II. It was this work whose title became the term commonly used to express absurdity in choice and frustration with bureaucratic insanity.
Heller is widely regarded as one of the best post-World War II satirists. Although he is remembered mostly for Catch-22, his other works center on the lives of various members of the middle class and remain exemplars of modern satire.